Disturbing Hegemonic Discourse: Nonbinary Gender and Sexual Orientation Labeling on Tumblr1

Techniques and Data

Research Matter

During my initial browsing of Tumblr, We pointed out that there is a tremendously active, available, and vocal LGBTQIA community that challenged even my personal notions of gender and sex. Therefore, whenever conceptualizing this research, we was most thinking about the ways Tumblr bloggers openly build their identities—often through labeling practices—and the implications of the construction that is open of identities. Consequently, we desired to resolve listed here leading question: “In exactly exactly what methods do LGBTQIA Tumblr bloggers build and discuss their sex and intimate orientation identities?

Test Selection

So that you can examine identity construction on Tumblr, We selected an example of Tumblr bloggers by selecting 10 community-defined hashtags agent of this LGBTQIA spectrum: #gay, #girlswholikegirls, #bi, #ace, #queer, #lgbtq, #nonbinary, #gender fluid, #genderqueer, and #trans. These hashtags were plumped for as they are commonly discovered whenever LGBTQIA that is browsing content Tumblr. Although we decided tags in line with the LGBTQIA acronym, there is absolutely no tag for “lesbian” but instead “girlswholikegirls. ” Once I first attempted to gather information underneath the #lesbian hashtag, we noted that, since Tumblr comes with an active Not Safe/Suitable for Work (NSFW) community (Tiidenberg, 2012, 2013, 2014a, 2014b), this search came back mainly pornography as opposed to articles produced by users whom defined as lesbian. Probably in reaction to the, posts authored by individuals who recognized as lesbian utilized #girlswholikegirls to tag articles instead than #lesbian. Furthermore, in my opinion that it’s crucial to utilize community-defined hashtags and terminology as this knowledge regarding gender and sex, particularly on SNSs, is socially built, defined, and developed, and, frequently, these self-identified hashtags are another as a type of sex and sexual orientation labeling practiced by bloggers. It’s also well well worth noting that keyphrases in English primarily discovered English-speaking united states of america bloggers, though there were some English-speaking bloggers located in other nations such as for instance Japan, holland, and Ireland. As all information collected from all of these blog sites is voluntary, it had been usually the situation that the blogger’s location wasn’t disclosed.

Finally, considering that the item with this research is always to examine identity that is individual, we created exclusionary criteria to be able to garner an example of individual LGBTQIA blog sites: for instance, blog sites moderated by a number of individuals usually do not well express an individual’s NBG&SO identity construction. Exclusionary requirements are the following:

The writer is underneath the chronilogical age of 18.

Tags on search engine results that included #lovewins or #love victories. These articles had been excluded due to the fact United states Supreme Court ruled that bans on same-sex marriage are unconstitutional during information collection (Obergefell et al. V Hodges, 2015), and bloggers from outside the LGBTQIA community often utilized LGBTQIA tags in party for this ruling in conjunction with #lovewins or #love victories.

Duplicate blog sites (the blogs that are same showed up under different keywords).

It had been perhaps perhaps not just a individual web log, for instance, your blog ended up being run by a number of moderators, this content regarding the web log had been mainly submissions of pictures along with other LGBTQIA content, or was a marketing web log ( e.g., for films or clothes lines).

Your blog content is mainly pornography or other material that is sexually explicit. Note: This didn’t exclude blog sites with periodic content that is sexually explicit nudity.

The first 20 blogs that did not meet the exclusionary criteria were collected under each term search. Since Tumblr will not add a formal description, plus some Tumblr themes don’t consist of timestamps on articles, it is hard to state if search engine results are shown chronologically or if an algorithm impacts the outcome. In either case, the blogs one of them scholarly research had been active at that time the information ended up being gathered. These information had been collected throughout https://www.camsloveaholics.com/female/oriental the months of June and July in 2015. These processes triggered a total that is initial of blogs gathered. Upon closer examination, yet another 14 blog sites came across the exclusionary requirements for a complete test of 186 blog sites.

Disturbing Hegemonic Discourse: Nonbinary Gender and Sexual Orientation Labeling on Tumblr1